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SCIENTIFIC NAME: Rhinolophus Lacepede, 1799
COMMON NAMES: Horseshoe bats
SYNONYMS: = Rhinocrepis Gervais, 1836; Phyllorhina Leach, 1816; Aquias Gray, 1847; Coelophyllus ?Gray, 1866; Phyllotis Gray, 1866 non Waterhouse, 1837; Euryalus Matschie, 1901; Rhinophyllotis Troughton, 1941; Rhinomegalophus Bourret, 1951.
DIMENSIONS: Body mass 4-40 g, head & body 35-110 mm, tail 15-56 mm, forearm 30-75 mm, wing span 20-50 cm.
DESCRIPTION: The only genus in the family Rhinolophidae, includes about 80 species.
DISTRIBUTION: Tropics, subtropics and southern part of temperate zone of the Old World from Great Britain, Central Europe, Central Asia, China and Corea to South Africa and Australia.

At least six species occur in Russia and neighbouring countries:
Greater horseshoe bat - R. ferrumequinum
Bucharian horseshoe bat - R. bocharicus
Mehely's horseshoe bat - R. mehelyi
Blasius' horseshoe bat - R. blasii
Mediterranean horseshoe bat - R. euryale
Lesser horseshoe bat - R. hipposideros