Russian Journal of Theriology. Main page    

Russian Journal of Theriology. Main page
Free access to the published articles
Information about online submission, Articles format, Instructions for authors etc
Instructions for reviewers
Subscription and prices

Русскоязычный вариант сайта
The mammal fauna of Cat Ba Island, northern Vietnam
Abramov A.V., Kruskop S.V.
P. 57-72
Cat Ba Island is one of largest islands of Ha Long Bay in northern Vietnam. The island harbors a unique mammal fauna, however, still very few thorough mammal surveys have been conducted in Cat Ba. We provided a checklist of the mammalian fauna of Cat Ba on the base of small mammal survey (October 2011) and a comparative analysis of the available literature. In total, the mammal fauna of Cat Ba Island includes 46 species belonging to six orders, 16 families, and 31 genera. Two species (Tupaia belangeri and Crocidura attenuata) were documented for the first time on Cat Ba Island. Bat fauna includes up to 29 species, a considerable portion of which are specific inhabitants of karst areas of northern Vietnam and southern China. Confirmed occurrence of Hipposideros khaokhouaensis suggests faunal connections even with central Laos. Taxonomic position and relations of some Cat Ba Rhinolophus and Hipposideros require revision. On the whole, Cat Ba fauna should be treated as relic faunal complex existing due to local peculiarities of the landscape and vegetation.

DOI: 10.15298/rusjtheriol.11.1.05


  • Bannikova A.A., Abramov A.V., Borisenko A.V., Lebedev V.S., Rozhnov V.V. 2011. Mitochondrial diversity of the white-toothed shrews (Mammalia, Eulipotyphla, Crocidura) in Vietnam // Zootaxa. No.2812. P.1-20.
  • Borissenko A.V. 1999. [A mobile trap for capturing bats in flight] // Plecotus et al. Vol.2. P.10-19 [in Russian with English summary].
  • Borissenko A.V., Kruskop S.V. 2003. Bats of Vietnam and adjacent territories. An identification manual. Moscow: Geos. 203 p.
  • Cao Vang Sung (ed.). 1998. Environment and Bioresources of Vietnam - Present Situation and Solutions. Hanoi: The Gioi Publishers. 235 p.
  • Corbet G.B. & Hill J.E. 1992. The Mammals of the Indomalayan Region: A Systematic Review. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 488 p.
  • Csorba G., Ujhelyi P. & Thomas N. 2003. Horseshoe Bats of the World (Chiroptera: Rhinolophidae). Shropshire: Alana Books. 160 p.
  • Dang Huy Huynh, Dao Van Tien, Cao Van Sung, Pham Trong Anh & Hoang Minh Khien. 1994. Checklist of Mammals in Vietnam. Hanoi: Publishing House Science & Technics. 168 p. [in Vietnamese].
  • Dang Ngoc Can, Endo H., Nguyen Truong Son, Oshida T., Le Xuan Canh, Dang Huy Phuong, Lunde D.P., Kawada S.-I., Hayashida A., Sasaki M. 2008. [Checklist of Wild Mammal Species of Vietnam]. Hanoi: Institute of Ecology and Biological Resources. 400 p. [in Vietnamese].
  • Do Tuyet. 1998. Overview on karst of Vietnam // Yuan Daoxian & Liu Zaihua (eds.). Global Karst Correlation. Beijing: Science Press. P.179-191.
  • Duckworth J.W. & Walston J.L. 1998. Reconnaissance Bird and Mammal Survey of Hai Phong - Ha Long - Cat Ba - Cam Pha - Ba Mun Area, Hai Phong and Quang Ninh Provinces, Vietnam, With an Emphasis On the Endemic Langur. Hanoi. Unpublished report to the World Bank.
  • Francis C.M. 2008. A Field Guide to the Mammals of South-East Asia. London: New Holland. 392 p.
  • Francis C.M., Borisenko A.V., Ivanova N.V., Eger J.L., Lim B.K., Guillen-Servent A., Kruskop S.V., Mackie I. & Hebert P.D. 2010. The role of DNA barcodes in understanding and conservation of mammal diversity in Southeast Asia // PLoS ONE. Vol.5. No.9. P.1-12.
  • Furey N., Le Xuan Canh & Fanning E. (eds.). 2002. Cat Ba National Park: Biodiversity Survey 1999. Frontier Vietnam Environmental Research, Report 20. Hanoi: Society for Environmental Exploration, UK and Institute of Ecology and Biological Resources. 51 p.
  • Grubb P. 2005. Order Artiodactyla // Wilson D.E. & Reeder D.M. (eds.). Mammals Species of the World. A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference. Third edition. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. Vol.1. P.637-722.
  • Guillen-Servent A. & Francis C.M. 2006. A new species of bat of the Hipposideros bicolor group (Chiroptera: Hipposideridae) from central Laos, with evidence of convergent evolution with Sundaic taxa // Acta Chiropterologica. Vol.8. No.1. P.39-61.
  • Hutterer R. 2005. Order Soricomorpha // Wilson D.E. & Reeder D.M. (eds.). Mammals Species of the World. A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference. Third edition. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. Vol.1. P.220-311.
  • Jenkins P.D., Lunde D.P. & Moncrieff C.B. 2009. Chapter 10. Descriptions of new species of Crocidura (Soricomorpha: Soricidae) from mainland Southeast Asia, with synopses of previously described species and remarks on biogeography // Voss R.S. & Carleton M.C. (eds.). Systematic mammalogy: contributions in honour of Guy G. Musser. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History. No.331. P.356-405.
  • Koopman K.F. 1994. Chiroptera: Systematics. // Neithammer J., Schliemann H. & Starck D. (eds.) Handbook of Zoology. Mammalia. Berlin & New York: Walter de Gruyter. Vol.8. Part 60. 217 p.
  • Korotky A.M., Razjigaeva N.G., Ganzey L.A., Volkov V.G., Grebennikova T.A., Bazarova V.B., Kovalukh N.N. 1995. Late Pleistocene-Holocene coastal development of islands off Vietnam // Journal of Southeast Asian Earth Sciences. Vol.11. No.4. P.301-308.
  • Kruskop S.V. 2000. [The bats in caves of Ke Bang limestone area (central Vietnam)] // Plecotus et al. Vol.3. P.114-120 [in Russian with English summary].
  • Kunz T.H., Thomas D.W., Richards G.C., Tidemann C.R., Pierson E.D. & Racey P.A. 1996. Observational techniques for bats // Wilson D.E., Cole F.R., Nichols J.D., Rasanayagam R. & Foster M.S. (eds.). Measuring and Monitoring Biological Diversity. Standard Methods for Mammals. Washington & London: Smithsonian Institution Press. P.105-155.
  • Kuznetzov G.V. 2000. Mammals of coastal islands of Vietnam: zoogeographical and ecological aspects // Bonner Zoologische Monographien. No.4. P.357-366.
  • Kuznetsov G.V. 2006. [Mammals of Vietnam]. Moskva: KMK Scientific Press. 428 p. [in Russian].
  • Kuznetsov G.V. & Pham Trong Anh. 1992. [Mammals of coastal islands of Vietnam (biogeographical and ecological aspects)] // Sokolov V.E. (ed.). [Zoological Studies in Vietnam]. Moskva: Nauka. P.182-197 [in Russian].
  • Le Xuan Canh & Campbell B. 1994. Population status of Trachypithecus francoisi poliocephalus in Cat Ba National Park // Asian Primates. Vol.3. No.3-4. P.16-19.
  • Le Xuan Canh, Cao Van Sung & Sang Don Lee. 1997. Mammal resources of Cat Ba and surrounding areas in Vietnam. Ecosystem and Biodiversity of Cat Ba National Park and Halong Bay, Vietnam // Annals of Nature Conservation, The Korean National Council for Conservation of Nature (KNCCN). Vol.12. P.149-157.
  • Lunde D. & Nguyen Truong Son. 2001. An Identification Guide to the Rodents of Vietnam. New York: Center for Biodiversity and Conservation, American Museum of Natural History. 80 p.
  • Lawlor T.E. 1986. Comparative biogeography of mammals on islands // Biological Journal of the Linnean Society. Vol.28. P.99-125.
  • Lunde D.P., Musser G.G. & Nguyen Truong Son. 2003. A survey of the small mammals from Mt. Tay Con Linh II, Vietnam, with the description of a new species of Chodsigoa (Insectivora: Soricidae) // Mammal Study. Vol.28. P.31-46.
  • Lunde D.P., Nguyen Truong Son & Musser G.G. 2007. A survey of small mammals from Huu Lien Nature Reserve, Lang Son Province, Vietnam // Mammal Study. Vol.32. P.155-168.
  • Musser G.G. & Carlton M.D. 1993. Family Muridae // Wilson D.E. & Reeder D.M. (eds.). Mammal Species of the World. A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference. Second edition. Washington: Smithsonian Institution Press. P.501-755.
  • Musser G.G. & Carleton M.D. 2005. Superfamily Muroidea // Wilson D.E. & Reeder D.M. (eds.). Mammal Species of the World. A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference. Third edition. Vol.2. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. P.894-1531.
  • Musser G.G., Lunde D.P. & Nguyen Truong Son. 2006. Description of a new genus and species of rodent (Murinae, Muridae, Rodentia) from the Tower Karst Region of Northeastern Vietnam // American Museum Novitates. No.3517. P.1-41.
  • Nadler T. & Ha Thang Long. 2000. The Cat Ba Langur: Past, Present and Future - the Definitive Report on Trachypithecus poliocephalus, the Worlds Rarest Primate. Report for the Frankfurt Zoological Society, Germany. Hanoi: Forestry Inventory and Planning Institute. 104 p.
  • Nadler T., Momberg F., Nguyen Xuan Dang & Lormee N. 2003. Vietnam Primate Conservation Status Review 2002. Part 2: Leaf Monkeys. Hanoi: Fauna & Flora International and Frankfurt Zoological Society. 226 p.
  • Nguyen Phien Ngung. 1998. The status of biodiversity and primate conservation in Cat Ba National Park // Proceedings of Workshop on a Conservation Action Plan for the primates. Hanoi.
  • Nguyen Truong Son, Vu Dinh Thong, Nguyen Xuan Dang & Csorba G. 2010. [Conservation status and distribution ranges of some horseshoe and leaf-nosed bat species in Vietnam] // Vietnamese Journal of Biotechnology. Vol.8. No.3A. P.981-990 [in Vietnamese].
  • Patterson B.D. & Atmar W. 1986. Nested subsets and the structure of insular mammalian faunas and archipelagos // Biological Journal of the Linnean Society. Vol.28. P.65-82.
  • Ratajszczak R., Cox R. & Ha Dinh Duc. 1990. A Preliminary Survey of Primates in North Vietnam. Report to World Wide Fund for Nature, Project 3869. Gland: WWF International. Unpublished report.
  • Thabah A., Rossiter S.J., Kingston T., Zhang S., Parsons S., Mya K.M., Akbar Z., Jones G. 2006. Genetic divergence and echolocation call frequency in cryptic species of Hipposideros larvatus s.l. (Chiroptera: Hipposideridae) from the Indo-Malayan region // Biological Journal of the Linnean Society. Vol.88. No.1. P.119-130.
  • Timko J. 2001. Conservation at what cost? A case study of the social implications of protected areas and the role of local people in Vietnam // MS Thesis. The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada. 185 p.
  • Topal G. 1993. Taxonomic status of the Hipposideros larvatus alongensis Bourret, 1942 and occurrence of Hipposideros turpis Bangs, 1904 in Vietnam (Mammalia, Chiroptera) // Acta Zoologica Hungarica. Vol.39. No.1-4. P.267-288.
  • Trang Ngoc But. 1995. Biological resources of Cat Ba National Park // Proceedings of the National Parks and Protected Areas of Vietnam. Hanoi. P.212-221.
  • Vu Dinh Thong. 2008. Bat Conservation at Cat Ba Biosphere Reserve, North-east Vietnam. Conservation Leadership Programme. Unpublished report. 18 p.
  • Vu Dinh Thong, Dietz C., Denzinger A., Bates P., Furey N., Csorba G., Hoye G., Le Dinh Thuy & Schnitzler H.-U. 2011. Further records of Murina tiensa from Vietnam with first information on its echolocation calls // Hystrix (n.s.). Vol.22. No.1. P.129-138.
  • Vu Dinh Thong, Dietz C., Schnitzler H.-U., Denginger A., Furey N.M., Borisenko A.V. & Bates P.J.J. 2008. First record of Hipposideros khaokhouayensis (Chiroptera: Hipposideridae) from Vietnam // Journal of Science of HNUS. Vol.53. No.5. P.138-143.
  • Vu Dinh Thong & Furey N.M. 2008. [The bat fauna of Cat Ba Biosphere Reserve] // Journal of Biology. Vol.30. No.3. P.73-77 [in Vietnamese].
  • Vu Dinh Thong, Puechmaille S. J., Denzinger A., Dietz C., Csorba G., Bates P., Teeling E.C., & Schnitzler H.-U. 2012. A new species of Hipposideros (Chiroptera: Hipposideridae) from Vietnam // Journal of Mammalogy. Vol.93. No.1. P.1-11.
  • Walston J., Duckworth J.W. & Molur S. 2008. Ratufa bicolor // IUCN 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2011.2. . Downloaded on 10 January 2012.
  • Wilson D.E. 2008. Order Chiroptera // Smith A.T. & Xie Y. (eds.). A Guide to the Mammals of China. Princeton and Oxford: Princeton University Press. P.327-387.
  • Wilson D.E. & Reeder D.M. 2005. Mammal Species of the World. A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference. Third edition. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. Vols.1-2. 2142 p.
  • Yoshiyuki M. 1989. A Systematic Study of the Japanese Chiroptera. Tokyo: National Science Museum. 242 p.

Download PDF