Russian Journal of Theriology. Main page    

Russian Journal of Theriology. Main page
Free access to the published articles
Information about online submission, Articles format, Instructions for authors etc
Instructions for reviewers
Subscription and prices

Русскоязычный вариант сайта
Morphometric variation of the common shrew Sorex araneus in Ukraine, in relation to geoclimatic factors and karyotype
Mishta A.V.
P. 051-062
Comparisons were made of chromosomal and macro-morphological variation in two widespread chromosome races of the common shrew Sorex araneus Linnaeus, 1758 in the Ukraine using multivariate statistics. Representatives of the Kiev and Neroosa races cannot reliably be identified from craniometric characteristics. Within the two chromosome races, however, we observed a relationship between morphology and geography. About 60% of morphological variance could be explained by the influence of geoclimatic factors. It was confirmed that ecogeography is more important than karyotype as a morphological determinant in the common shrew. Highly differentiated southern Ukrainian forms of S. araneus may be regarded as ecotypes.

DOI: 10.15298/rusjtheriol.6.1.09


  • Abelentsev V.I., Pidoplichko G.G. & Popov B.M. 1956. [Order Insectivora] // [Mammals. Fauna of Ukraine]. Kyiv: Vydavnytstvo Akademii Nauk URSR. P.79-256 [in Ukrainian].
  • Banaszek A., Smakulska J., Fedyk S., Jadwiszczak K.A. & Chętnicki W. 2002. Morphometric differentiation of shrews (Sorex araneus L., 1758) from the hybrid zone between the Guzowy Młyn and Łegucki Młyn chromosome races in Poland // Mammalia. Vol.67. P.217-224.
  • Brünner H., Lugon-Moulin N., Balloux F.L., Fumagalli L. & Hausser J. 2002. A taxonomical re-evaluation of the Valais chromosome race of the common shrew Sorex araneus (Insectivora: Soricidae) // Acta Theriologica. Vol.47. P.245-275.
  • Chętnicki W., Fedyk S., Banaszek A., Szalaj K.A. & Ratkiewicz M. 1996. Morphometrical characteristics of the common shrew (Sorex araneus L.) from interracial hybrid zones // Hereditas. Vol.125. P.201-207.
  • Clover R.C. 1979. Phenetic relationships among populations of Podarcis sicula and P. melisellensis (Sauria: Lacertidae) from islands in the Adriatic Sea // Systematic Zoology. Vol.28. P.284-298.
  • Dehnel A. 1950. [Studies on the genus Neomys Kaup] // Annales Universitatis Marie Curie-Skłodowska. Sectio C. Lublin - Polonia. Vol.5. P.1-63 [in Polish, with English summary].
  • Dolgov V.A. 1985. [Red-toothed Shrews of the Old World]. Moskva: Izdatel'svo Moskovskogo Gosudarstvennogo Universiteta [in Russian].
  • [Geographical Encyclopedia of Ukraine]. 1989. T.1: A-ZH. Kyiv: Vydavnytstvo Ukrains'ka Radians'ka Encyklopediya imeni P. Bazhana [in Russian].
  • [Geographical Encyclopedia of Ukraine]. 1990. T.2: Z-O. Kyiv: Vydavnytstvo Ukrains'ka Radians'ka Encyklopediya imeni P. Bazhana [in Russian].
  • [Geographical Encyclopedia of Ukraine]. 1993. T.3: L-YA. Kyiv: Vydavnytstvo Ukrains'ka Radians'ka Encyklopediya imeni P. Bazhana [in Russian].
  • Gizenko A.I. 1965. [Ecology of mammals of steppe regions of Ukrainian Prichernomorie] // Materialy Zoologicheskogo Soveshchaniya po Probleme Biologicheskiye osnovy rekonstruktsii, ratsional'nogo ispol'zovaniya i ohrany fauny yuzhnoi zony Evropeiskoi chasti SSSR. Kishinev. P.41-45 [in Russian].
  • Gureev A.A. 1971. [Shrews (Soricidae) of the World Fauna]. Leningrad: Nauka [in Russian].
  • Hausser J. 1984. Genetic drift and selection: their respective weights in the morphological and genetic differentiation of four species of shrews in Southern Europe (Insectivora, Soricidae) // Zeitschrift für Zoologische Systematic und Evolutionsforschung. Vol.22. P.302-320.
  • Hausser J., Bosshard F., Taberlet P. & Wójcik J. 1991. Relationships between chromosome races and species of Sorex of the araneus group in the western Alps // Mémoires de la Société Vaudoise des Sciences Naturelles. Vol.19. P.79-95.
  • López-Fuster M.J. & Ventura J. 1987. Estudio morfometrico le Sorex coronatus Millet, 1828 (Mammalia, Insectivora) en el notre de la Peninsula Iberica y sur de Francia // Sans-Coma V., Mas-Coma S. & Gosálbez J. (eds.). Mamiferos y Helmintos. Volumen homenaje al Prof. Dr. H. Kahmann en su 81 aniversario. Barcelona: Editorial Ketres. P.55-64.
  • Markova A.K., Simakova A.N., Puzachenko A.Yu. & Kitaev L.M. 2001. Eastern European mammoth distribution and environments during the Middle Valdai Briansk Interstade (33,000-24,000 BP) // Cavarretta G., Gioia P., Mussi M. & Palombo M.R. (eds.). Proceedings of the 1st International Congress The World of Elephants. Rome. P.299-304.
  • Meyer A. & Searle J.B. 1994. Morphological studies on British common shrews. Vol.43. Suppl.1. P.115.
  • Mezhzherin V.A., Kuruts N.V., Mikhalevich O.A. & Revenko N.G. 1984. [The population levels of morphological differences as steps of evolutionary transformation] // Zhurnal Obschei Biologii. T.45. P.306-317 [in Russian, with English summary].
  • Migulin O.O. 1938. [Mammals of URSR]. Kyiv: Vydavnytstvo AN URSR [in Ukrainian].
  • Mishta A. 1997. [Karyotypic and morphological differentiation of shrews genus Sorex L., 1758 (Insectivora, Soricidae) of Ukrainian fauna]. PhD thesis. Kiev: Schmalhausen Institute of Zoology. 22 p. [in Ukrainian, with English summary].
  • Mishta A.V., Searle J.B. & Wójcik J.M. 2000. Karyotypic variation of the common shrew Sorex araneus in Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Ukraine // Acta Theriologica. Vol.45. Suppl.1. P.47-58.
  • Mishta A. 2005. Late Pleistocene glacial refugia in Eastern Europe and postglacial recolonization of the region by shrews // Abstracts of Plenary, Symposium, Poster and Oral Papers presented at Ninth International Mammalogical Congress (IMC9). July 31-August 5, 2005. Sapporo, Hokkaido, Japan. P.70-71.
  • Niethammer J. & Krapp F. (ed.) 1990. Handbuch der Säugetiere Europas. Bd. 3/1. Insektenfresser, Primaten. Wiesbaden: AULA Verlag.
  • Ochocińska D. & Taylor J.R.E. 2003. Bergmann's rule in shrews: geographical variation of body size in Palearctic Sorex species // Biological Journal of the Linnean Society. Vol.78. P.365-381.
  • Ognev S.I. 1928. [The Mammals of the Eastern Europe and the Northern Asia]. Vol.1. Moskva-Leningrad: Izdatel'stvo Glavnauka. [in Russian].
  • Okulova N.M., Balakirev A.E. & Orlov V.N. 2004. [Craniometrical characteristics of some Sorex araneus (Insectivora) chromosomal races] // Zoologicheskii Zhurnal. Vol.83. P.1476-1487 [in Russian, with English summary].
  • Orlov V.N., Bulatova N.Sh., Kozlovskii A.I. & Balakirev A.E. 2004. Hierarchy of intraspecific taxa of the common shrew, Sorex araneus (Insectivora), and taxonomic structure of species in mammals // Zoologicheskii Zhurnal. Vol.83. P.199-212 [in Russian, with English summary].
  • Orlov V.N. & Kozlovskii A.I. 2002. [On role of glacial period in formation of chromosomal polymorphism of the common shrew Sorex araneus L. (Insectivora, Mammalia)] // Doklady Akademii Nauk. Vol.386. P.423-426 [in Russian].
  • Panteleev P.A. 1996. [About intraspecific systematics and taxonomic value of exterior and craniometric characteristics in Arvicola terrestris] // Vestnik Zoologii. Vol.30. P.21-25 [in Russian, with English summary].
  • Panteleev P.A. 2000. [Role of temperature in geographic speciation (an example of rodents)] // Ekologiya. Vol.2. P.83-88 [in Russian].
  • Panteleev P.A., Gerasimov S. & Khristov L. 1991. [Influence of different approaches to variation investigation on its results] // Ekologiya. Vol.5. P.46-55 [in Russian].
  • Polyakov A.V., Onischenko S.S., Ilyashenko V.B., Searle J.B. & Borodin P.M. 2002. Morphometric difference between the Novosibirsk and Tomsk chromosome races of Sorex araneus in a zone of parapatry // Acta Theriologica. Vol.47. P.381-387.
  • Searle J.B. 1984. Three new karyotypic races of the common shrew Sorex araneus (Mammalia: Insectivora) and a phylogeny // Systematic Zoology. Vol.33. P.184-194.
  • Searle J.B. & Thorpe R.S. 1987. Morphometric variation of the common shrew (Sorex araneus) in Britain, in relation to karyotype and geography // Journal of Zoology. Vol.212. P.373 - 377.
  • Searle J.B. & Wójcik J.M. 1998. Chromosomal evolution: The case of Sorex araneus // Wójcik J.M. & Wolsan M. (eds.). Evolution of Shrews. Białowieża: Mammal Research Institute, Polish Academy of Sciences. P.219-268.
  • Simakova A.A. 2001. The vegetation and mammoth distribution during the second half of the Late Pleistocene on the Russian Plain (33-17 ka) // Cavarretta G., Gioia P., Mussi M. & Palombo M.R. (eds.). Proceedings of the 1st International Congress The World of Elephants. Rome. P. 255-258.
  • Smith M.F. 1979. Geographic variation in genic and morphological characters in Peromyscus californicus // Journal of Mammalogy. Vol.60. P.705-722.
  • Sulkava S., Vahtola M. & Fredga K. 1985. Structure of the upper tooth-row of Sorex araneus in Scandinavia // Acta Zoologica Fennica. Vol.173. P.237-239.
  • Thorpe R.S. 1975a. Quantitative handling of characters useful in snake systematics with particular reference to intraspecific variation in the ringed snake Natrix natrix L. // Biological Journal of Linnean Society. Vol.7. P.27-43.
  • Thorpe R.S. 1975b. Biometric analysis of incipient speciation in the ringed snake Natrix natrix L. // Experientia. Vol.31. P.180-182.
  • Thorpe R.S. 1976. Biometric analysis of geographic variation and racial affinities // Biological Review. Vol.51. P.407-452.
  • Thorpe R.S. 1980. Microevolution and the taxonomy of European reptiles with particular reference to the grass snake Natrix natrix L. and the wall lizards Podarcis sicula and P. melisellensis.// Biological Journal of the Linnean Society. Vol.14. P.215-233.
  • Thorpe R.S. 1981a. The morphometrics of the mouse: a review // Symposia of the Zoological Society of London. Vol.47. P.85-125.
  • Thorpe R.S. 1981b. Racial divergence and subspecific status of the Gotland grass snake: a comment on Nilson and Andren's paper // Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society. Vol.72. P.369-370.
  • Wójcik J.M. 1993. Chromosome races of the common shrew Sorex araneus in Poland: a model of karyotype evolution // Acta Theriologica. Vol.38. P.315-338.
  • Wójcik J.M., Bogdanowicz W., Pucek Z., Wójcik A. M. & Zalewska H. 2000. Morphometric variation of the common shrew Sorex araneus in Poland, in relation to karyotype // Acta Theriologica. Vol.45. Suppl.1. P.161-172.
  • Zalesky K. 1948. Die Waldspitzmaus (Sorex araneus L.) in ihrer Beziehung zur Form tetragonurus Herm. in Nord- und Mitteleurope // Sitzungsberichten der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Mathematische-naturwissenschaftlische Klasse. Abt.I. Vol.157. P.9-185.
  • Zima J. & Král B. 1985. Karyotype variability in Sorex araneus in Central Europe (Soricidae, Insectivora) // Folia Zoologica. Vol.34. P.235-243.

Download PDF