Russian Journal of Theriology. Main page    

Russian Journal of Theriology. Main page
Free access to the published articles
Information about online submission, Articles format, Instructions for authors etc
Instructions for reviewers
Subscription and prices

Русскоязычный вариант сайта
Geographical pattern and historical demography of Midday gerbil Meriones meridianus (Gerbillidae, Rodentia) inferred from the sequences of the mitochondrial DNA control region
Zou G., Zhou L., Zha X., Zhang B., Zhao T., Liang J.
P. 25-32
In order to examine DNA sequence variation, the cause of geographic patterns and historical demography of populations, we sampled 69 individuals of Midday gerbil Meriones meridianus. Among the comparable sequences of 396 bp, 52 haplotypes were defined, 97 nucleotide sites were variable (24.5% in the full sequences). Phylogenetic tree constructed using the neighbor-joining (NJ) of haplotypes demonstrated three clades associated with geographical regions. There were no shared haplotypes found among regions. Time of gene divergence between three clades of Midday gerbil was estimated by mean nucleotide difference, suggesting the divergence of three clades during the Middle Pleistocene. The pattern of phylogenetic discontinuity is a result of both factors which is associated with the uplift of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau and climate change in Quaternary ice ages. We also examined the historical demography of the clades using stepwise and exponential expansion models, both of which indicated recent rapid population growth. The pairwise mismatch distribution suggested a pattern of population expansion. The population expansion analysis indicated that the present distribution of the population was probably shaped through the rapid range expansion during the last interglaciation stage from the refugium.

DOI: 10.15298/rusjtheriol.7.1.04


  • Avise J.C. 2000. Phylogeography: the History and Formation of Species. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. 446 p.
  • Avise J.C., Arnold J., Ball R.M., Bermingham E., Lamb T., Neigel J.E., Reeb C.A. & Saunders N.C. 1987. Intraspecific phylogeography: the mitochondrial DNA bridge between population genetics and systematics // Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics. Vol.18. P.489-522.
  • Bibb M.J., VanEtten R.A., Wright C.T., Walberg M.W. & Clayton D.A. 1981. Sequences and gene organization of mouse mitochondrial DNA // Cell. Vol.26. No.2. P.167-180.
  • Bos D.H. & Sites J.W. 2001. Phylogeography and conservation genetics of the Columbia spotted frog (Rana luteiventris; Amphibia, Ranidae) // Molecular Ecology. Vol.10. No.6. P.1499-1513.
  • Brant S.V. & Orti G. 2003. Phylogeography of the northern short-tailed shrew, Blarina brevicauda (Insectivora: Soricidae): past fragmentation and postglacial recolonization // Molecular Ecology. Vol.12. No.6. P.1435-1449.
  • Conroy C.J. & Cook J.A. 2000. Phylogeography of a post-glacial colonizer: Microtus longicaudus (Rodentia: Muridae) // Molecular Ecology. Vol.9. No.2. P.165-175.
  • Edward S.V. & Beerli P. 2000. Perspective: gene divergence, population divergence, and the variance in coalescence time in phylogeographic studies // Evolution. Vol.54. No.6. P.1839-1854.
  • Excoffier L., Laval G. & Schneider S. 2005. Arlequin (Version 3.01). An Integrated Software Package for Population Genetics Data Analysis. Computational and Molecular Population Genetics Lab (CMPG), Institute of Zoology University of Berne.
  • Ernesto R., Inigo M.S., Gabriela P.O. & Mario G.P. 2006. Phylogeography of Pseudacris regilla (Anura: Hylidae) in western North America, with a proposal for a new taxonomic rearrangement // Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. Vol.39. No.2. P.293-304.
  • Fu Y.X. 1997. Statistical tests of neutrality of mutations against population growth, hitchhiking and background selection // Genetics. Vol.147. No.2. P.915-925.
  • Galbreath K.E. & Cook J.A. 2004. Genetic consequences of Pleistocene glaciations for the tundra vole (Microtus oeconomus) in Beringia // Molecular Ecology. Vol.13. No.1. P.135-148.
  • Hewitt G.M. 1999. Post-glacial re-colonization of European biota // Biological Journal of the Linnean Society. Vol.68. No.1-2. P.87-112.
  • Hewitt G. M. 2000. The genetic legacy of the Quaternary Ice ages // Nature. Vol.405. No.6788. P.907-913.
  • Herron M.D., Waterman J.M. & Parkinson C.L. 2005. Phylogeny and historical biogeography of African ground squirrels: the role of climate change in the evolution of Xerus // Molecular Ecology. Vol.14. No.9. P.2773-2788.
  • Kocher T.D., Conroy J.A., McKay K.R. & Stauffer J.R. 1993. Similar morphologies of cichlid fish in lakes Tanganyika and Malawi are due to convergence// Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. Vol.2. No.2. P.158-165.
  • Kumar S., Tamura K. & Nei M. 2004. MEGA3: Integrated software for molecular evolutionary genetics analysis and sequence alignment // Briefings in Bioinformatics. Vol.5. No.2. P.150-163.
  • Kuhner M.K., Yamato J. & Felsenstein J. 1998. Maximum likelihood estimation of population growth rates based on the coalescent // Genetics. Vol.149. No.1. P.429-434.
  • Li H., Meng S.J., Men Z.M., Fu Y.X. & Zhang Y.P. 2003. Genetic diversity and population history of golden monkeys (Rhinopithecus roxellana) // Genetics. Vol.164. No.1. P.269-275.
  • Li M., Wei F.W. & Feng Z.J. 2005. Mitochondrial phylogeography and subspecific variation in the red panda (Ailurus fulgens): Implications for conservation // Molecular Biology and Evolution. Vol.36. No.1. P.78-89.
  • Li J.Y., Wang K.Z., Li Y.P., Sun G.H. Chu C.H., Li L.Q. & Zhu Z.X. 2006. Geomorphological features, crustal composition and geological evolution of the Tianshan Mountains // Geological Bulletin of China. Vol.25. No.8. P.895-909 [in Chinese].
  • Luo Z.X., Chen W. & Gao W. 2000. Fauna Sinica, Mammalia. Vol. 6. Rodentia. Part III, Cricetidae. Beijing: Science Press. 1334 p. [in Chinese].
  • Ma Y., Wang F.G., Jin S.K. & Li S.H. 1987. Glires (Rodents and Lagomorphs) of Northern Xinjiang and Their Zoogeographical Distribution. Beijing: Science Press. 274 p. [in Chinese].
  • Mahmut H., Masuda R., Onuma M., Takahashi M., Nagate J., Suzuki M. & Ohtaishi N. 2002. Molecular phylogeography of the Red Deer (Cervus elaphus) population in Xinjiang of China: comparison with other Asian, European, and North American populations // Zoological Sciences. Vol.19. No.4. P.485-495.
  • Nei M. & Li W.H. 1979. Mathematical model for studying genetic variation in terms of restriction endonucleases // Proceeding of the National Academy of Science. Vol.76. No.10. P.5269-5273.
  • Oshida T., Aramov A., Yanagawa H. & Masuda R. 2005. Phylogeography of the Russian flying squirrel (Pteromys volans): implication of refugia theory in arboreal small mammals of Eurasia // Molecular Ecology. Vol.14. No.4. P.1191-1196.
  • Pierpaoli M., Riga F., Trocchi V. & Randi E. 1999. Species distinction and evolutionary relationship of the Italian hare (Lepus corsicanus) as described by mitochondrial DNA sequencing // Molecular Ecology. Vol.8. No.11. P.1805-1817.
  • Pielou E.C. 1991. After the Ice Age: the Return of Life to Glaciated North America. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. 376 p.
  • Qu Y.H., Ericson P.G.P., Lei F.M. & Li S.H. 2005. Postglacial colonization of the Tibetan Plateau inferred from the matrilineal genetic structure of the endemic red-necked snow finch, Pyrgilauda ruficollis // Molecular Ecology. Vol.14. No.6. P.1767-1781.
  • Roslin T. 2001. Spatial population structure in a patchily distributed beetle // Molecular Ecology. Vol.10. No.4. P.823-837.
  • Rogers A.R. & Harpending H. 1992. Population growth makes waves in the distribution of pairwise genetic differences // Molecular Biology and Evolution. Vol.9. No.3. P.552-569.
  • Sambrook J., Fritsch E.F. & Maniatis T. 1989. Molecular Cloning: A Laboratory Manual. Second Edition. New York: Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press.
  • Saccone C., Lanave C., Pesole G. & Sbisa E. 1993. Peculiar features and evolution of mitochondrial genome in mammals // DiMauro S. & Wallace D. (eds.). Mitochondrial DNA in Human Pathology. New York: Raven Press. P.27-37.
  • Steele C.A., Carstens B.C., Storfer A. & Sullivan J. 2005. Testing hypotheses of. speciation timing in Dicamptodon copei and Dicamptodon aterrimus (Caudata: Dicamptodontidae) // Molecular Biology and Evolution. Vol.36. No.1. P.90-100.
  • Taberlet P. 1996. The use of mitochonodrial DNA control region sequencing in conservation biology // Smith T.B. & Wayne R.K. (eds.). Molecular Genetic Approaches in Conservation. New York: Oxford University Press. P.125-142.
  • Thompson J.D., Gibson T.J., Plewniak F., Jeanmougin F. & Higgins D.G. 1997. The Clustal X windows interface: flexible strategies for multiple sequence alignment aided by quality analysis tools // Nucleic Acids Research. Vol.25. No.24. P.4876-4882.
  • Xia X. & Xie Z. 2001. DAMBE: software package for data analysis in molecular biology and evolution // Journal of Heredity. Vol.92. No.4. P.371-373.
  • Zhang D., Fengquan L. & Jianmin B. 2000. Eco-environmental effects of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau uplift during the Quaternary in China // Environmental Geology. Vol.39. No.12. P.1352-1358.
  • Zheng X.G., Arbogast B.S. & Kenagy G.J. 2003. Historical demography and genetic structure of sister species: deermice (Peromyscus) in the North American temperate rain forest // Molecular Ecology. Vol.12. No.3. P.711-724.
  • Zhou L.Z., Ma Y. & Li D.Q. 2001. Spatial distribution patterns of Chinese gerbils (Gerbillinae) in relation to environmental factors // Acta Zoologica Sinica. Vol.47. No.6. P.616-624 [in Chinese].
  • Zhou L.Z., Ma Y. & Ye X.D. 2002. Distribution of glires in arid regions of China // Acta Zoologica Sinica. Vol.48. No.2. P.183-194 [in Chinese].

Download PDF