Russian Journal of Theriology. Main page    

Russian Journal of Theriology. Main page
Free access to the published articles
Information about online submission, Articles format, Instructions for authors etc
Instructions for reviewers
Subscription and prices

Русскоязычный вариант сайта
Unusual tooth pathology in mammoth (Mammuthus primigenius) from Yakutia
Kirillova I.V.
P. 29-36
Five pathologically modified last generation lower teeth of the wooly mammoth Mammuthus primigenius from Alazeya River basin (Yakutia) and Maly Anyui River basin (Chukotka) are studied. The described aberrations represent variants of the same pathology of tooth germ. The studied several tens of last molars of Yakutian mammoths show three main types of deviations appeared during tooth formation, during formation of tooth elements (plates, external cement), and in the process of functioning.


  • Burns J.A., Baker C.G. & Mol D. 2003. An extraordinary woolly mammoth molar from Alberta, Canada // Deinsea. Vol.9. P.77-85.
  • Dubrovo I.A. 1960. [Ancient elephants of the USSR] // Trudy Paleontologicheskogo Instituta AN SSSR. T.85. No.1. P.1-78 [in Russian].
  • Elephant Research and tissue request Protocol (Elephas maximus and Loxodonta africana). 2003. The American Zoo and Aquarium Association Elephant Species Survival Plan and the Elephant Research Foundation. January 2003. P.3-4.
  • Essen H. van. 2004. A supernumerary tooth and an odontoma attributable to Mammuthus primigenius (Blumenbach, 1799) (Mammalia, Proboscidea) from The Netherlands, and various related finds // Acta Zoologica Cracoviensia. Vol.47. No.1-2. P.81-121.
  • Essen H. van, Bergh G. van den & Vos J. de 2006. The final solution of the Cryptomastodon problem. Morphological correlations between supernumerary teeth in stegodonts and elephants (Proboscidea, Mammalia) // Courier Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg. No.256. P.29-41.
  • Fagan D.A., Oosterhuis J.E. & Roocroft A. 2001. Captivity disorders in elephants impacted molars and broken tusks // Zoologische Garten, Neue Folge. Bd.71. No.5. P.281-303.
  • Garutt V.E. 1977. [Elephant dentition in ontogeny and phylogeny] // Trudy Zoologicheskogo Instituta AN SSSR. T.73. P.3-35 [in Russian].
  • Garutt N.V. 1990. [Dentition anomalies in woolly rhinoceros Coelodonta antiquitatis Blumenbach, 1799] // Trudy Zoologicheskogo Instituta AN SSSR. T.212. P.59-72 [in Russian].
  • Garutt V.E. & Foronova I.V. 1976. [Study of teeth of extinct elephants. Methodological recommendations.] Novosibirsk. 36 p. [in Russian].
  • Gromova V.I. 1965. [On methodology of study of fossil elephant teeth] // Byulleten' Komissii po Izucheniu Chetvertichnogo Perioda. T.29. P.165-167 [in Russian].
  • Konjevic D., Keirdorf U., Manojlovic L., Severin K., Janocki Z., Slavica A., Reindl B., & Pivac I. 2006. The spectrum of tusk pathology in wild boar (Sus scrofa L.) from Croatia // Veterinarski Arhiv. Vol.76. Supplement. P.91-100.
  • Krzemińska A. 2008. Preliminary characteristics of pathologies found in the skeletons of mammoths at the Kraków Spadzista street (b) site // Veterinarija ir Zootechnika. Vol.43. P.52-57.
  • Maschenko E.N., Kondaurov A.A. & Sher A.V. 2008. New data of the aberrant dentition of wooly mammoth (Mammuthus primigenius) // Sixth Meeting of the European Association of Vertebrate Palaeontologists. P.66-68.
  • Maschenko E.N. & Shpansky A.V. 2005. Abnormal dental morphology in the mammoth Mammuthus primigenius Blumenbach, 1799 // Paleontological Journal. Vol.39. No.1. P.93-100.
  • Musil R. 1968. Die Mammuthmolaren von Předmosti (ČSSR) // Paläontologische Abhandlungen A. Paläozoologie. Bd.3. No.1. P.1-192.
  • Niven L. & Wojtal P. 2002. Cement furrows in the dentition of Mammuthus primigenius and the question of their etiology // Acta Zoologica Cracoviensia. Vol.45. No.2. P.307-319.
  • Niven L. & Wojtal P. 2003. Paleoecological implications of tooth pathologies in Mammuthus primigenius: examples from central Europe // Occasional papers on Earth Sciences. No.5. P.118-119.
  • Szuma E. 1999. Dental abnormalities in the red fox Vulpes vulpes from Poland // Acta Theriologica. Vol. 44. No.4. P.393-412.
  • Sulerzhitsky L.D. 1995. [Features of radiocarbon chronology of mammoths (Mammuthus primigenius) from Siberia and North Eastern Europe] // Trudy Zoologicheskogo Instituta RAS. T.263. P.163-183 [in Russian].
  • Ukraintseva V.V. 1991. [On the question of extinction of mammoth and some its companions] // Trudy of Zoologicheskogo Instituta AN SSSR. T.238. P.167-186 [in Russian].
  • Velichko A.A. & Zelikson E.M. 2001. [Landscape and climate conditions and resource base of mammoths] // [Mammoth and its Surroundings. 200 Years of studies.] Moskva: GEOS. P.188-199 [in Russian].
  • Vereshchagin N.K. 1960. [Dental diseases in Yakutian mammoths (paleontological data) // Byulleten' Komissii po Izucheniu Chetvertichnogo Perioda. T.24. P.109-111 [in Russian].

Download PDF