Russian Journal of Theriology. Main page    

Russian Journal of Theriology. Main page
Free access to the published articles
Information about online submission, Articles format, Instructions for authors etc
Instructions for reviewers
Subscription and prices
Contacts

Русскоязычный вариант сайта
Primates of the genus Altanius (Mammalia, Primates) from the Lower Eocene of Tsagan-Khushu, southern Mongolia
Maschenko E.N., Takai M.
P. 61-69
Altanius is one of the oldest known euprimates discovered from the Early Eocene Naran-Bulak Formation, Tsagan-Khushu, southern Mongolia. In this paper, we describe three additional specimens of A. orlovi Dashzeveg et McKenna, 1977, and establish a new species, A. magnus sp. nov., in which m2 is distinctly larger than in A. orlovi. The discovery of a new species of Altanius provides further information on the evolutionary history of early primates on the Eurasian continent.

References

  • Badamgarav D. & Reshetov V.Y. 1985. [Paleontology and stratigraphy of the Paleogene of the Transaltaic Gobi] // Transactions of Joint Soviet-Mongolian Paleontological Expedition. Vol.25. P.1-102 [in Russian, with English summary].
  • Bajpai S., Kapur V.V., Thewissen J.G.M., Das D.P., Tiwari B.N. & Saravanan S.R. 2005. Early Eocene primates from Vastan lignite mine, Gujarat, western India // Journal of the Paleontological Society of India. Vol.50. No.2. P.43-54.
  • Bajpai S., Kay R.F., Williams B.A., Das D.P., Kapur V.V. & Tiwari N.N. 2008. The oldest Asian record of anthropoidea // Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA . Vol.105. No.32. P.11093-11098.
  • Beard K.C. 1998. East of Eden: Asia as an important centre of taxonomic origination in mammalian evolution // Beard K.C. & Dawson M.R. (eds.). Dawn of the Age of Mammals in Asia. Bulletin Carnegie Museum of Natural History. No.34. P.5-39.
  • Beard K.C. 2004. The Hunt for the Dawn Monkey. Berkeley: University of California Press. 139 p.
  • Beard K.C. 2006. Mammalian biogeography and anthropoid origins // Lehman S.M. & Fleagle J.G. (eds.). Primate Biogeography. New York: Springer. P.439-467.
  • Beard K.C. 2008. The oldest North American primate and mammalian biogeography during the Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum // Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA. Vol.105. No.10. P.3815-3818.
  • Beard K.C. & Wang J. 1995. The first Asian plesiadapoids (Mammalia: Primatomorpha) // Annals of Carnegie Museum. Vol.64. Issue 1. P.1-33.
  • Beard K.C. & Wang B. 1991. Phylogenetic and biogeographic significance of the tarsiiform primate Asiomomys changbaicus from the Eocene of Jilin Province, People's Republic of China // American Journal of Physical Anthropology. Vol.85. P.159-166.
  • Dashzeveg D. & McKenna M.C. 1977. Tarsioid primate from the early Tertiary of the Mongolian People's Republic // Acta Paleontologica Polonica. Vol.22. No.2. P.119-137.
  • Dashzeveg D. 1982. [A revision of the Prodinoceratidae of Central Asia and North America] // Paleontologicheskii Zhurnal. No.1. P.95-103 [in Russian, with English summary].
  • Estravis C. 2000. Nuevos mam eros del Eoceno Inferior de Silveirinha (Baixo Mondego, Portugal) // Coloquios de Paleontologia. Vol.51. P.281-311.
  • Fleagle J.G. 1999. Primate Adaptation and Evolution // New York: Academic Press. 268 p.
  • Fu J., Wang J. & Tong Y. 2002. The discovery of the plesiadapiformes from the early Eocene of Wutu Basin, ShanDong Province // Vertebrata PalAsiatica. Vol.40. Issue 3. P.219-227.
  • Gazin C.L. 1958. A review of the middle and upper Eocene primates of North America // Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections. Vol.136. P.1-112.
  • Gingerich P.D. 1993. Early Eocene Teilhardina brandti: oldest omomyid primate from North America // Contributions from the Museum of Paleontology, University of Michigan. Vol.28. P.321-326.
  • Gingerich P.D., Dashzeveg D. & Russell D.E. 1991. Dentition and systematic relationships of Altanius orlovi (Mammalia, Primates) from the early Eocene of Mongolia // Geobios. No.24. P.637-646.
  • Gunnell G.F. & Rose K.D. 2002. Tarsiformes: Evolutionary history and adaptation // Hartwig W.C. (ed). The Primate Fossil Record. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. P.45-82.
  • Gunnell G., Gingerich P.D., Ul-Hag M., Bloch J.I., Khan I.H. & Clyde W.C. 2008. New Primates (Mammalia) from the early and middle Eocene of Pakistan and their paleobiogeographical implications // Contributions from the Museum Paleontology, University of Michigan. Vol.32. No.1. P.1-14.
  • Hooker J.J., Russell D.E. & Phélizon A. 1999. A new family of plesiadapiformes (Mammalia) from the Old World Lower Paleogene // Palaeontology. Vol.42. Issue 3. P.377-407.
  • Kay R.F. & Williams B.A. 1994. Dental evidence for anthropoid origins // Fleagle J.G. & Kay R.F. (eds.). Anthropoid Origins. New York: Plenum Press. P.361-445.
  • Lopatin A.V. 2004. [The first find of Geolabididae (Soricomorpha, Mammalia) in Asia (Upper Paleocene of Mongolia)] // Paleontologicheskii Zhurnal. Vol.38. Issue 6. P.672-679.
  • Lopatin A.V. 2006. Early Paleogene insectivore mammals of Asia and establishment of the major groups of Insectivora // Paleontologicheskii Zhurnal. Vol.40. Suppl.3 S.205-S405.
  • Missiaen P. & Smith T. 2008. The Gashatan (late Paleocene) mammal fauna from Subeng, Inner Mongolia, China // Acta Palaeontologica Polonica. Vol.53. Issue 3. P.357-378.
  • Ni X., Wang Y., Hu Y. & Li C. 2004. A euprimate skull from the early Eocene of China // Nature. Vol.427. P.65-68.
  • Ni X., Beard K.C., Meng J., Wang Y. & Gebo D.L. 2007. Discovery of the first early Cenozoic euprimate (Mammalia) from Inner Mongolia // American Museum Novitates. No.3571. P.1-11.
  • Ni X., Meng J., Beard K.C., Gebo D.L., Wang Y. & Li C. 2010. A new tarkadectine primate from the Eocene of Inner Mongolia, China: phylogenetic and biogeographic implications // Proceedings Royal Society B. No.277. P.247-256.
  • Rose K.D. 1995. The earliest primates // Evolutionary Anthropology. Vol.3. Issue 5. P.159-173.
  • Rose K.D. 2006. The Beginning of the Age of Mammals. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press. 429 p.
  • Rose K.D., Smith T., Sana R., Sahni S.A., Singh H., Missiaen P. & Folie A. 2006. Early Eocene (Ypresian) continental vertebrate assemblage from India, with description of a new anthracobunid (Mammalia, Tethytheria) // Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. Vol.26. Issue 1. P.219-225.
  • Rose K.D., Rana R.S, Sahni A., Kumar K., Missiaen P., Singh L. & Smith T. 2009. Early Eocene Primates from Gujarat, India // Journal of Human Evolution. Vol.56. Issue 4. P.366-404.
  • Rose K.D., Godinot M. & Bown T.M. 1994. The early radiation of Euprimates and the initial diversification of Omomyidae // Fleagle J.G. & Kay R.F. (eds). Anthropoid Origins. New York: Plenum Press. P.1-28.
  • Rose K.D. & Krause D.W. 1984. Affinities of the primate Altanius from the Early Tertiary of Mongolia // Journal of Mammalogy. Vol.65. Issue 4. P.721-726.
  • Russell D.E. & Gingerich P.D. 1980. Un nouveau primate omomyide dans l'Eocиn du Pakistan // Comptes Rendus de l'Academie des Sciences, Paris (D). T.291. P.621-624.
  • Russell D.E. & Gingerich P.D. 1987. Nouveaux primates de l'Eocène du Pakistan // Comptes Rendus de l'Academie des Sciences, Paris (Ser. II). Vol.304. P.209-214.
  • Russell D.E, Louis P. & Savage D.E. 1967. Primates of the French Early Eocene // University of California Publishing, Geological Sciences. No.73. P.1-47.
  • Sigé B., Jaeger J.-J., Sudre J. & Vianey-Liaud M. 1990. Altiatlasius koulchii n. gen. et sp., an omomyid primate from the Late Paleocene of Morocco, and the origins of the euprimates // Palaeontographica, Abt. A. No.241. P.31-56.
  • Smith T., van Itterbeeck J. & Missiaen P. 2004. Oldest plesiadapiform (Mammalia, Proprimates) from Asia and its palaeobiogeographical implications for faunal interchange with North America // Comptes Rendus Palevol. Vol.3. No.1. P.43-52.
  • Smith T., Rose K.D. & Gingerich P.D. 2006. Rapid Asia-Europe-North America geographic dispersal of earliest Eocene primate Teilhardina during the Paleocene-Eocene thermal maximum // Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA. Vol.103. P.11223-11227.
  • Szalay F.S. 1976. Systematics of the Omomyidae (Tarsiiformes, Primates): Taxonomy, phylogeny, and adaptation // Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History. No.156. P.1-449.
  • Thewissen J.G.M., Hussain S.T. & Arif M. 1997. New Kohatius (Omomyidae) from the Eocene of Pakistan // Journal of Human Evolution. Vol.32. P.473-477.
  • Thewissen J.G.M., Williams E.M. & Hussain S.T. 2001. Eocene mammal faunas from Northern Indo-Pakistan // Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. Vol.2. Issue 2. P.347-366.
  • Tong Y. & Wang J. 2006. Fossil mammals from the early Eocene Wutu Formation of Shandong Province // Palaeontologia Sinica. New Series C. Vol.28. P.1-195.

Download PDF