Russian Journal of Theriology. Main page    

Russian Journal of Theriology. Главная страница
Доступ к статьям
Электронная подача статей, правила для авторов и тп
Вход для рецензентов
Здесь можно подписаться на новостную рассылку RJT
Контактная информация

English version

Ecology of sable of North-Western Yakutian native population
Zakharov E.S., Safronov V.M.
P. 74-85
In 2003–2012, 687 carcasses of aboriginal sables of Zhigansk population represented by the Yenisey subspecies (Martes zibellina yeniseensis Ognev, 1925) inhabiting North-Western Yakutia were studied. Skull and body size of native sables were larger and fur colour was lighter as compared to the Vitim subspecies (M. z. princeps Birula, 1922) introduced in South-Western Yakutia (Olekma population). Dynamics of the native population is characterized by the prevalence of natural cycles at moderate hunting rates. The portion of juveniles made up 69.3% on average. Among adults 37.0% were 1-year-old animals, 25.1% 2-year-old, and 13.3% 3-year-old sables. Animals aged 4 to 12 years were less numerous (24.6%), especially females (8.5%). Fertility (3.46±0.2) and fecundity (2.77±0.3) rates as well as the number of reproducing females (61.4%), especially at the age of one year (2.9%), were less than in Olekma population. The diet of Zhigansk sables was based on northern red-backed voles (Myodes rutilus) (43.7% of studied stomachs), grey red-backed voles (Craseomys rufocanus) (43.7%) and root voles (Alexandromys oeconomus) (50.2%). Consumption of pikas (Ochotona sp.) was increased (up to 31.2%) in separate years. Birds were rarely consumed (1.6%). Plant food mainly consisted of bog bilberry (Vaccinium uliginosum) (15.5%). Poorly-nourished sables made up 71.9% of the sample. The number of moderately fat and very fat sables increased with age. Among them, males (30.2%) prevailed over females (25.7%). The relative mass of paranephric fat was lowest in sables aged 1 to 8 years. Sex-related differences in fat index were recorded only in juveniles.

DOI: 10.15298/rusjtheriol.16.1.07


  • Bakeyev N.N. 1976. [Geographic variation of sable fur colour and its dynamics] // Trudy VNIIOZ. Vol.26. P.26–54 [in Russian].
  • Belyk V.I., Sedalischev V.T., Anikin R.K. et al. 1990. [The results of sable reacclimatization in Yakutia] // Intensifikatsiya vosproizvodstva resursov okhotnichyikh zhivotnykh. Kirov: VNIIOZ. P.194–206 [in Russian].
  • Bolshakov V.N. & Kubantsev B.S. 1984. [Sex structure of mammal populations and its dynamics]. Moscow: Nauka. 232 p. [in Russian]
  • Doppelmair G.G. 1927. [Fur hunting in Yakutia] // Yakutia. Leningrad: Izdatelstvo AN SSSR. P.412–468 [in Russian].
  • Eremeyeva K.M. 1952. [Geographic variation of sable colouration] // Trudy Moskovskogo pushno-mekhovogo instituta. Vol.3. P.81–89 [in Russian].
  • Formozov A.N. 1932. [Formula of quantitative assessment of mammals by footprints] // Zoologicheskii zhurnal. Vol.11. P.66–69 [in Russian].
  • Gusev O.K. 1966. [Sable ecology and censuring]. Moscow: Lesnaya promyshlennost. 124 p. [in Russian]
  • Klevezal G.A. 2007. [Principles and methods of age estimation in mammals]. Moscow: KMK Sci Press. 283 p. [in Russian]
  • Monakhov G.I. 1968. [Population structure, reproduction dynamics and questions of rational use of sable resources in Prebaikalia and Transbaikalia] // Zoologicheskii zhurnal. Vol.47. No.4. P.602–609 [in Russian].
  • Monakhov G.I., Kryuchkov V.S., Monakhov V.G. & Shurygin V.V. 1982. [Results of introduction of East-Siberian sables in the Yenisey Siberia and the Vysyugan River basin] // Promyslovaya teriologia. Moscow: Nauka. P.136–148 [in Russian].
  • Monakhov V.G. 2007. [On changes in reproduction cycles in sable of Trans-Urals in late 20th century] // Sibirskii ekologicheskii zhurnal. No.4. P.635–637 [in Russian with English summary].
  • Numerov K.D. 1973. [Sable. Middle Siberia] // Sobol, kunitsy, kharza. Moscow: Nauka. P.70–78 [in Russian].
  • Revin Yu.V., Safronov V.M., Volpert Ya.L. & Popov A.L. 1988. [Ecology and population number dynamics of mammals in Pre-Verkhoyanie] // Novosibirsk: Nauka. 200 p. [in Russian]
  • Rokitsky P.F. 1973. [Biological statistics]. Minsk. 319 p. [in Russian]
  • Romanov A.A. 1938. [On Zhigansk sable] // Priroda. No.4. P.112–113 [in Russian].
  • Romanov A.A. 1941. [Fur animals of Lensk-Khatanga Krai and ther hunting] // Trudy Instituta polyarnogo zemledeliya, zhivotnovodstva i promyslovogo khozyaistva. Vol.17. 139 p. [in Russian]
  • Safronov V.M. 2002. [Ecological and physiological peculiarities in Mustelids under winter conditions of Yakutia] // Nazemnye pozvonochnye Yakutii: ekologiya, rasprostranenie, chislennost. Yakutsk: YaF “Izdatelstvo SO RAN”. P.50–67 [in Russian].
  • Safronov V.M., Nikolaev A.N. & Odnokurtsev V.A. 1985. [Essay on sable (Martes zibellina L.) winter ecology in West Pre-Verkhoyanie] // Fauna i ekologia mlekopitayuschikh Yakutii. Yakutsk: YaF SO AN SSSR. P.24–55 [in Russian].
  • Safronov V.M. & Anikin R.K. 2000. [Ecology of the sable, Martes zibellina, in northeastern Yakutia] // Zoologicheskii zhurnal. Vol.79. No.4. P.471–479 [in Russian with English summary].
  • Safronov V.M. & Zakharov E.S. 2014. [Fur colour change in sable (Martes zibellina, Carnivora, Mustelidae) of various age groups in the Middle Aldan River basin] // Zoologicheskii zhurnal. Vol.93. No.4. P.595–599 [in Russian with English summary].
  • Safronov V.M., Zakharov E.S. & Sedalischev V.T. 2006. [Sable numbers in Yakutia] // Problemy sobolinogo khozyaistva Rossii. Proceedings of the 5th All-Russian research-and-practice Internet-conference on sable. Kirov. P.198–205 [in Russian].
  • Schwarz S.S., Smirnov V.S. & Dobrinsky L.N. 1968. [Method of morphophysiological indicators in ecology of terrestrial vertebrates] // Trudy Instituta ekologii rasteniy i zhivotnykh. Sverdlovsk. Vol.58. P.346–348 [in Russian].
  • Sedalischev V.T. & Popov A.L. 2001. [Sable resources in Yakutia and its conservation problems] // Ratsionalnoe ispolzovanie resursov sobolya v Rossii. Proceedings of the 4th All-Russian research-to-practice conference. Krasnoyarsk. P.46–53 [in Russian].
  • Shadrina E.G. 1988. [Comparative characteristics of age estimation methods for sable (Martes zibellina) and ermine (Mustela erminea)] // Zoogeograficheskiye i ekologicheskiye issledovaniya teriofauny Yakutii. Yakutsk. P.76–83 [in Russian].
  • Smirnov V.S. 1960. [Age estimation and age interrelationships in mammals. Case study of squirrel, musk-rat and five predator species] // Problemy flory i fauny Urala. Sverdlovsk. P.97–112 [in Russian].
  • Sokolov G.A. 1979. [The mammals of Siberian cedar forests in Siberia]. Novosibirsk: Nauka. 256 p. [in Russian]
  • Tavrovsky V.A. 1958. [Sable of North-west Yakutia and the ways of hunting recovery] // Vosstanovlenie promyslovykh zapasov sobolya v Yakutii. Trudy Instituta biologii Yakutskogo filiala SO AN SSSR. Moscow: Izdatelstvo AN SSSR. Vol.4. P.50–142 [in Russian].
  • Tavrovsky V.A. & Shitarev I.S. 1957. [Materials on sable nutrition in North-west Yakutia] // Zoologicheskii zhurnal. Vol.21. No.4. P.608–616 [in Russian].
  • Tavrovsky V.A., Egorov O.V., Krivosheyev V.G. et al. 1971. [Mammals of Yakutia]. Moscow: Nauka. 660 p. [in Russian]
  • Ternovsky D.V. 1977. [Biology of Mustelidae]. Novosibirsk: Nauka. 280 p. [in Russian]
  • Timofeyev V.V. & Nadeyev V.N. 1955. [Sable]. Moscow: Zagotizdat. 403 p. [in Russian]
  • Titova M.I. 1950. [Standards of maintenance feeding of adult sables] // Trudy NII pushnogo zverovodstva i krolikovodstva. Vol.5. P.5–49 [in Russian].
  • Tumanov I.L. 1988. [Fecundity estimation in marten and sable: express-method] // Okhota i okhotnichye khozyaistvo. No.10. P.15 [in Russian].
  • Vershinin A.A. 1976. [Methodology guidelines on sable census] // Moscow: NTI TsNIL Glavokhoty RSFSR. 35 p. [in Russian]
  • Zakharov E.S. 2005. [On ecology and numbers of sable in North-western Yakutia] // Estestvoznaniye i gumanizm: sbornik nauchnykh rabot. Vol.2. No.4. Tomsk. P.35–36 [in Russian].
  • Zakharov E.S. 2008. [Ecology and numbers of sable in North-western Yakutia] // “EREL-2007”: materialy konferentsii nauchnoy molodezhi. Yakutsk. P.185–189 [in Russian].
  • Zakharov E.S. 2012. [Sable of South and West Yakutia (morphology, ecology, population structure)] // Autoreferat of Candidate Thesis. Yakutsk. 20 p. [in Russian]
  • Zakharov E.S. & Safronov V.M. 2012. [Ecology of sable (Martes zibellina L.) in West Yakutia] // Vestnik Tomskogo Gosudarstvennogo Universiteta. Biologia. Vol.17. No.1. P.73–84 [in Russian with English summary].
  • Zakharov E.S., Safronov V.M. & Pavlova A.I. 2016. [Winter diet of sable (Martes zibellina L.) in Yakutia] // Dostizheniya nauki i tekhniki APK. Vol.30. No.11. P.82–87. [in Russian with English summary].
  • Zaleker B.L. 1950. [Materials on sable (Martes zibellina L.) sex cycle] // Trudy VNIIOP. Vol.9. P.135–151 [in Russian].
  • Zaleker B.L. & Poluzadov N.B. 1955. [Fecundity and winter diet of sable in Ivdelsky region of Sverdlovskaya Oblast] // Trudy VNIO. Vol.14. P.145–152 [in Russian].

Скачать PDF