Russian Journal of Theriology. Main page    

Russian Journal of Theriology. Главная страница
Доступ к статьям
Электронная подача статей, правила для авторов и тп
Вход для рецензентов
Здесь можно подписаться на новостную рассылку RJT
Контактная информация

English version

Discoveries of woolly mammoth, Mammuthus primigenius (Proboscidea: Elephantidae) and some other Pleistocene mammals on the Taimyr Peninsula.
Mol D., Tikhonov A.N., Plicht J. van der, Bolshiyanov D.Yu.
P. 77-95
We present an overview of the most important discoveries of the woolly mammoth and other Pleistocene mammals from the Taimyr Peninsula, Arctic Siberia, which have contributed much to the understanding of the mammoth fauna and its environment. We also present 25 new radiometric dates on Pleistocene mammals both terrestrial and marine, of which 14 are of the woolly mammoth, recently collected on the Taimyr Peninsula. 14C measurements can be done using two different methods: AMS, i.e. mass spectrometry using milligram-size samples (lab codes UtC and GrA) and conventional radiometry using gram size samples (lab codes IGAN, GIN, LU). For the first time, remains of the Pleistocene bears from this region are reported. We also discuss interaction between climate, environment and megafauna. Dates appear to be consistent with other local proxy studies indicating whether or not conditions were favorable for herbivores on the Taimyr Peninsula.

Литература

  • Alexanderson H., Hjort C., Möller P., Antonov O. & Pavlov M. 2001. The North Taimyr ice-marginal zone, Arctic Siberia ‑ a preliminary overview and dating // Global and Planetary Change. Vol.31. P.427-445.
  • Alexanderson H., Adrielsson L., Hjort C., Möller P., Antonov O., Eriksson S. & Pavlov M. 2002. Depositional history of the North Taimyr ice-marginal zone. Siberia a landsystem approach // Journal of Quaternary Science. Vol.17. No.4. P.361-382.
  • Andreev A.A., Siegert C., Klimanov V.A., Derevyagin A.Y., Shilova G.N. & Melles M. 2002. Late Pleistocene and Holocene vegetation and climate on the Taimyr Lowland, Northern Siberia // Quaternary Research. Vol.57. No.1. P.138-150.
  • Andreev A.A., Tarasov P.E., Siegert C., Ebel T., Klimanov V.A., Melles M., Bobrov A.A., Dereviagin A.Y., Lubinski D.J. & Hubberten H.-W. 2003. Vegetation and climate changes on the northern Taimyr, Russia, during the Upper Pleistocene and Holocene reconstructed from pollen records // Boreas. Vol.32. No.3. P.484-505.
  • Arslanov H. Vereshchagin N., Lyadov V., Ukraintzeva V. 1980. [About geochronology of Karginsky interglacial and reconstructions of landscapes of Siberia by researches of the carcasses of mammoths and their satellites] // Ivanova I.K. (ed.) [Geochronology of Quaternary Period]. Moskva: Nauka. P. 208-212 [in Russian].
  • Averianov A. 1994. [Kutomanov's mammoth] // Trudy Zoologicheskogo Instituta RAN. T.256. P.111-135 [in Russian].
  • Buigues B. & Mol D. 1999. The Jarkov Mammoth: on a permafrost carcass of the woolly mammoth, Mammuthus primigenius, from the Taimyr Peninsula // Reumer J.W.F. & de Vos J. (eds.). Official Conference Papers 2nd International Mammoth Conference, Rotterdam, May 16-20, 1999. P.12.
  • Davis O.K. 1987. Spores of the dung fungus Sporormiella: increased abundance in historic sediments and before Pleistocene megafauna extinction // Quaternary Research. Vol.28. No.2. P.290-294.
  • Garutt W. E. 1964. Das Mammut Mammuthus primigenius (Blumenbach). Wittenberg Lutherstandt : A. Ziemsen Verlag. 140 p.
  • Garutt V. E. & Dubinin V. B. 1951. [On the skeleton of Taimyr mammoth] // Zoologicheskii Zhurnal. T.30. No.1. P.17-23 [in Russian].
  • Garutt V. E., Gentry A. & Lister A. M. 1990. Mammuthus Brookes, 1828 (Mammalia, Proboscidea): proposed conservation, and Elephas primigenius Blumenbach, 1799 (currently Mammuthus primigenius): proposed designation as the type species of Mammuthus, and designation of a neotype // Bulletin of the Zoological Nomenclature. Vol.47. Pt.1. P.38-44.
  • Grandjean G., De Marliave C., Buigues B., Mol D. & Ruffié G. 2003. Searching Mammoth remains in permafrost (Taimyr, Siberia) using Ground-Penetrating Radar // Proceedings of the 9th International Conference of the Ground-Penetrating Radar, April 29 ‑ May 2, 2002, Santa Barbara, USA. 4 p.
  • Guriev K., Lazarev P. & Kolosov P. 1986. [Giants of Ice Age]. Yakutsk: Ilin. 128 p. [in Russian].
  • Guthrie R.D. 1990. Frozen Fauna of the Mammoth Steppe: The Story of Blue Babe. Chicago: Chicago University Press. 323 p.
  • Guthrie R.D. 2001. Origin and causes of the mammoth steppe: a story of cloud cover, woolly mammoth tooth pits, buckles, and inside-out Beringia // Quaternary Science Reviews. Vol.20. P.549-574.
  • Hahne J. & Melles M. 1997. Late- and post-glacial vegetation and climate history of the south-western Taimyr Peninsula, central Siberia, as revealed by pollen analysis of a core from Lake Lama // Vegetation History and Archaeobotany. Vol.6. No.1. P.1-8.
  • Hahne J. & Melles M. 1999. Climate and vegetation history of the Taimyr Peninsula since Middle Weichselian Time - Palynological evidence from lake sediments // Kassen H., Bauch A., Dmitrenko I., Eicken H., Hubberten H.-W., Melles M., Thiede J. & Timokov L. (eds.). Land-Ocean Systems in the Siberian Arctic: Dynamics and History. Berlin: Springer-Verlag. P.407-423.
  • Heintz A. & Garutt V. 1964. [Determination of absolute age of the fossil remains of mammoth and woolly rhinoceros from the permafrost of Siberia with the help of the radioactive carbon (14 C)] // Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR. T.154. No.6. P.1367-1370 [in Russian].
  • Kahlke R.-D. 1999. The History of the Origin, Evolution and Dispersal of the Late Pleistocene Mammuthus-Coelodonta Faunal Complex in Eurasia (Large Mammals). Rapid City: Fenske. 219 p.
  • Kienast F., Siegert C., Dereviagin A. & Mai D.H. 2001. Climatic implications of Late Quaternary plant macrofossil assemblages from the Taimyr Penisula, Siberia // Global and Planetary Change. Vol.31. No.1-4. P.265-281.
  • Kind N. & Leonov B. (eds.). 1982. [Anthropogene of Taimyr]. Moscow: Nauka. 184 p. [in Russian].
  • Kutomanov G.N., 1914. [The report on a business trip to the mouth of the river Yenisei for the excavation of the mammoth corpse] // Izvestiya Imperatorskoi Akademii Nauk, Seriya 6. No.8. P.377-388 [in Russian].
  • Kuzmin Y.V., Orlova L.A. & Zolnikov I.D. 2003. Dynamics of the mammoth (Mammuthus primigenius) population in Northern Asia: radiocarbon evidence // Reumer J.W.F., de Vos J. & Mol D. (eds.). Advances in Mammoth Research. Proceedings of the second International Mammoth Conference, Rotterdam, May 16-20, 1999. Deinsea. Vol.9. P.221-237.
  • MacPhee R.D.E., Tikhonov A.N., Mol D., de Marliave C., van der Plicht H., Greenwood A.D., Flemming C. & Agenbroad L. 2002. Radiocarbon Chronologies and Extinction Dynamics of the Late Quaternary Mammalian Megafauna of the Taimyr Peninsula, Russian Federation // Journal of Archaeological Science. Vol.29. No.2. P.1017-1042.
  • Makeev V., Arslanov Kh. & Garutt V. 1979. [The age of the mammoths from Severnaya Zemlya and some questions of the paleogeography of the Late Pleistocene] // Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR. T.245. No.2. P.421-424 [in Russian].
  • Middendorff A.T. 1860. [About Siberian mammoths] // Vestnik Estestvennykh Nauk. Vol.7. P.843-868 [in Russian].
  • Mol D., Coppens Y., Tikhonov A.N., Agenbroad L.D., MacPhee R.D.E., Flemming C., Greenwood A., Buigues B., De Marliave C., van Geel B., van Reenen G.B.A., Pals J.P., Fisher D.C. & Fox D. 2001. The Jarkov Mammoth: 20,000-year-old carcass of a Siberian woolly mammoth Mammuthus primigenius (Blumenbach, 1799) // Cavarretta G., Gioia P., Mussi M. & Palombo M.R. (eds.). Proceedings of the First International Congress La Terra degli Elefanti (The World of Elephants), Rome, October 16-20, 2001. Roma: Instituto Salesiano Pio XI. P.305-309.
  • Mol D., Tikhonov A.N., MacPhee R.D.E., Flemming C., Buigues B., De Marliave C., Coppens Y. & Agenbroad L.D. 2001. The Fishhook Mammoth: rediscovery of a woolly mammoth carcass by the CERPOLEX/Mammuthus Team, Taimyr Peninsula, Siberia // Cavarretta G., Gioia P., Mussi M. & Palombo M.R. (eds.). Proceedings of the First International Congress La Terra degli Elefanti (The World of Elephants), Rome, October 16-20, 2001. Roma: Instituto Salesiano Pio XI. P. 310-313.
  • Möller P., Bolshiyanov D.Y. & Bergsten H. 1999. Weichselian geology and palaeoenvironmental history of the central Taimyr Peninsula, Siberia, indicating no glaciation during the last glacial maximum // Boreas. Vol.28. No.1. P.92-114.
  • Niessen F., Ebel T., Kopsch C. & Fedorov G.B. 1999. High-resolution seismic stratigraphy of lake sediments on the Taimyr Peninsula, Central Siberia // Kassen H., Bauch A., Dmitrenko I., Eicken H., Hubberten H.-W., Melles M., Thiede J. & Timokov L. (eds.). Land-Ocean Systems in the Siberian Arctic: Dynamics and History. Berlin: Springer-Verlag. P.437-456.
  • Popov A. 1950. [Taimyr mammoth] // Voprosy Geographii. T.23. P.296-305 [in Russian].
  • Portenko L., Tikhomirov B. & Popov, A. 1951. [The first results of excavation of Taimyr mammoth and study of conditions of depositing] // Zoologicheskii Zhurnal. T.30. No.1. P. 3-16 [in Russian].
  • Reumer J.W.F. & Mol, D. 2001. The myth of the pygmy mammoth // Fifth Deia Conference of Prehistory World Islands in Prehistory, International Insular Investigations - Deia, Mallorca, September 13-18, 2001, Conference Resumes. P.5.
  • Sulerzhitskii L.D. & Romanenko F.A. 1997. [Age and distribution of the mammoth fauna of the polar region of Asia (according to radiocarbon data)] // Kriosfera Zemli. T.1. No.4. P.12-19 [in Russian].
  • Svendsen J.I., Astakhov V.I., Bolshiyanov D.Y., Demidov I., Dowdeswell J.A., Gataullin V., Hjort C., Hubberten H.W., Larsen E., Mangerud J., Melles M., Möller P., Saarnisto M. & Siegert M.J. 1999. Maximum extent of the Eurasian ice sheets in the Barents and Kara Sea region during the Weichselian // Boreas. Vol.28. No.1. P.234-242.
  • Van Geel B. 2001. Non-pollen palynomorphs // Smol J.P., Birks H.J.B. & Last W.M. (eds.). Tracking Environmental Change using Lake Sediments. Volume 3: Terrestrial, Algal and Silicaceous Indicators. Dordrecht: Kluwer. P.99-119.
  • Van Geel B., Buurman J., Brinkkemper O., Schelvis J., Aptroot A., van Reenen G. & Hakbijl T. 2003. Environmental reconstruction of a Roman Period settlement site in Uitgeest (the Netherlands), with special reference to coprophilous fungi // Journal of Archaeological Science. Vol.30. No.7. P.873-883.
  • Vereshchagin N.K. 1959. [The Mammal remains of the Mammoth Age originated from the Taimyr Peninsula] // Byulleten' Moskovskogo Obshchestva Ispytatelei Pripody, Otdel Biologicheskii. T.64. No.5. P.5-16 [in Russian with English summary].
  • Vereshchagin N.K. 1959. [Musk-ox on the north of Siberia] // Priroda. No.8. P.105-106 [in Russian].
  • Vereshchagin N.K. 1971. [Hunts of the primitive man and extinction of the Pleistocene mammals in the USSR] // Trudy Zoologicheskogo Instituta AN SSSR. T.49. P. 200-233 [in Russian].
  • Vereshchagin N.K. & Nikolaev A.I. 1982. [Excavation of Khatanga mammoth] // Trudy Zoologicheskogo Instituta AN SSSR. T.111. P.3-17 [in Russian].
  • Vereshchagin N.K. & Tikhonov A.N. 1990. [Exterior of the mammoth]. Yakutsk: AN SSSR. 40 p. [in Russian].
  • Vereshchagin N.K. & Tikhonov A.N. 1999. Exterior of the mammoth // Cranium. Vol.16. No.1. P.2-48.

Скачать PDF