Russian Journal of Theriology. Main page    

Russian Journal of Theriology. Главная страница
Доступ к статьям
Электронная подача статей, правила для авторов и тп
Вход для рецензентов
Здесь можно подписаться на новостную рассылку RJT
Контактная информация

English version

Pes muscles and their action in giant anteater Myrmecophaga tridactyla (Myrmecophagidae, Pilosa) compared with other plantigrade mammals
Gambaryan P.P., Zherebtsova O.V., Perepelova A.A., Platonov V.V.
P. 1-15
The pes myology of the giant anteater Myrmecophaga tridactyla has been studied in detail to understand its adaptive properties. The morphofunctional features of these muscles have been compared to the respective muscles of the brown bear (Ursus arctos), in which the locomotor role of the foot is similar to that in the giant anteater. M. tridactyla has a complete set of short pes muscles and their structure is generally the same as in the brown bear and some other plantigrade mammals. In spite of some differences, the work of the pes muscles in the giant anteater and brown bear is basically similar, which is consistent with the similar anatomy of these muscles in these two mammals. This similarity suggests that the pes myology in the animals studied reflects the adaptation to the run, which in the giant anteater is however less pronounced than in the brown bear.


  • Cuvier G. 1849. Anatomie comparee recueil de planches de myologie. Paris. 235 p.
  • Cunningham D.J. 1879. The intrinsic muscles of the mammalian foot // Journal of Anatomy and Physiology, London. Vol.13. P.1-16.
  • Cunningham D.J. 1881. The nerves of the hind-limb of the Thylacine and the Cuscus // Journal of Anatomy and Physiology, London. Vol.15. P.265-277.
  • Eisenberg J.F. & Redford K.H. 1999. Mammals of the Neotropics: The Central Neotropics. Vol. 3. Chicago & London: The University of Chicago Press. 609 p.
  • Fitzwilliams D.C.L. 1910. The short muscles of the handoff the agile Gibbon (Hylobates agilis) // Proceedings of the Royal Society, Edinburg. Vol.30. P.202-218.
  • Gambaryan P.P. 1957. [To the issue of feathered muscles] // Doklady Akademii Nauk Armyanskoi SSR. Vol.25. No.2. P.87-91 [in Russian with English summary].
  • Gambaryan P.P. 1974. How Mammals Run. New York: John Wiley. 334 p.
  • Gardner A. 2005. Order Pilosa // D.E. Wilson, D.M. Reeder (eds.). Mammal Species of the World. A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (Third edition). Baltimore: John Hopkins University Press. Vol.1. P.100-103.
  • Hildebrand M. 1988. Analysis of Vertebrate Structure. New York: John Wiley. 701 p.
  • Jouffroy F-K. 1962. La musculature des membres chez les lémuriens de Madagascar, etude descriptive et comparative. Thèses présentées a la faculte des sciences de l'université de Paris pour obtenir le grade de docteur ès sciences naturelles. Mammalia, Series A. No.3860. Paris. 322 p.
  • Jouffroy F.-K., Lessertisseur J., Saban R. & Souteyrand-Boulenger J.D. 1971. Mammifères. Musculature des membres, musculature peaucière, musculature des monotrèmes. Arthrologie // Traité de Zoologie. Anatomie, Systématique, Biologie. T.16. Fasc.3. P.1-476.
  • Lewis O.J. 1989. Functional Morphology of the Evolving Hand and Foot. Oxford: Clarendon Press. 355 p.
  • McMurrich. 1907. The phylogeny of the plantar musculature // American Journal of Anatomy. Vol.6. P.407-437.
  • Naples V.L. 1999. Morphology, evolution and function of feeding in the giant Anteater (Myrmecophaga tridactyla) // Journal of Zoology. Vol.249. P.19-41.
  • Redford K.H. 1985. Feeding and food preferences in captive and while giant anteaters (Myrmecophaga tridactyla) // Journal of Zoology. Vol.205. P.559-572.
  • Ruge G. 1878a. Zur vergleichenden Anatomie der tiefen Muskeln in der Fuss sohle // Morphologische Jarbuch. Bd.4. S.644-659.
  • Ruge G. 1878b. Untersuchung über die Extensorengruppe am Unterschenkel und Fuss der Säugethiere // Morphologische Jarbuch. Bd.4. S.592-643.
  • Shaw J.H., Carter T. S. & Machado-Neto J.C. 1985. Ecology of the giant Anteater Myrmecophaga tridactyla in Serra da Canastra, Minas Gerais, Brazil: a pilot study // Montgomery G.G. (ed.). The Evolution and Ecology of Armadillos, Sloths and Vermilinguas. Washington: Smithsonian Institution Press. P.379-384.
  • Shaw J.H., Machado-Neto J.C. & Carter T. S. 1987. Behavior of free-living anteaters (Myrmecophaga tridactyla) // Biotropica. No.19. P.255-259.
  • Sinelnikov R.D. 1952. [Human Anatomy Atlas]. T.1. Moskva: Medgiz. 630 p. [in Russian]
  • Windle B.C. & Parsons F.G. 1898. On the mycology of the terrestrial Carnivora. Part II // Proceeding of the Zoological Society of London. P.152-186.
  • Windle B.C. & Parsons F.G. 1899. On the mycology of the Edentata // Proceeding of the Zoological Society of London. P.990-1017.
  • Young R.J., Coelho C.M. & Wieloch D.R. 2003. A note on the climbing abilities of giant anteaters, Myrmecophaga tridactyla (Xenarthra, Myrmecophagidae) // Boletim do Museu de Biologia Mello Leitão (N. Sér.). No.15. P.41-46.

Скачать PDF